A large majority of European citizens live in an urban environment, with over 60% living in urban areas of over 10.000 inhabitants. They live their daily lives in the same space, and for their mobility share the same infrastructure. Urban mobility accounts for 40% of all CO 2 emissions of road transport and up to 70% of other pollutants from transport.
European cities increasingly face problems caused by transport and traffic. The question of how to enhance mobility while at the same time reducing congestion, accidents and pollution is a common challenge to all major cities in Europe. Congestion in the EU is often located in and around urban areas and costs nearly 100 billion Euro, or 1% of the EU's GDP, annually. Cities themselves are usually in the best position to find the right responses to these challenges, taking into account their specific circumstances.
In relation to the adopted urban and transport European policy the MOBISEC project (Mobility Initiatives for Sustainable European Communities) starts its activities in January 2012 in order to help three European cities – Murcia (Spain), Oldham (UK) and Varna (Bulgaria) reach their specific goals for greener and environmentally friendly urban transport.
The general objectives of MOBISEC projects are:
Promotion of the use of bicycle as usual transport mean, that can offer an alternative to the use of particular vehicles. This way the effects of particular vehicles will be decreased: traffic jams, consumption of fossil fuels, air pollution, noise and use of land.
Guarantee the safety of users of public roads and especially cyclists and pedestrians. At present, bicycle is one of the more vulnerable means of transport. One of the key factors to boost the use of bicycle is that users can feel the safety when they use it. Because of that, cycle lanes must be infrastructures with a high level of security for all users on the public roads.
Intermodality, strategies to promote the intermodality of bicycle with other transport means have to be launched. The planning of cycle paths should be consistent with the net of other transport means like buses or trams and the public parking places in the city.
Citizen participation. Education programs for all ages, that remark the advantages of this transport mean for the environment and for the health. Actions to promote citizen participation in the process of the project, meetings, forums, webtools, etc.
The MOBISEC project activities will stress on safety of cyclists and pedestrians as those are regarded as most threatened and vulnerable traffic participants. The innovative measures that will be implemented will not only guarantee the safety and security of these groups, but will also attract more people to the sustainable transport modes.
The project is implemented in the frame of “Actions in the field of urban mobility” Programme and is co-financed by the Directorate General Transport and Energy of the European Commission. The project duration is 36 months.
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